Autism is a spectrum condition. This means that being autistic will affect everyone differently. People of any gender, religion, social background and nationality can be autistic. Autism is a lifelong condition and cannot be treated or cured. Often autistic people feel that it is a fundamental part of who they are. All autistic people share certain difficulties that are highlighted below, but each autistic person will be affected in different ways.
This means that an autistic person may not be flexible in the way they think about interests, routines, perspectives and rules. They may:
Autistic people can struggle to understand how to behave and interact with other people. They may:
Autistic people can find it difficult to communicate effectively. They may:
These lists are not exhaustive and autistic people can experience a range of other difficulties including:
Some autistic people have related conditions such as a learning disability or mental health problems. All autistic people can learn and develop, and with the right support can be helped to live a fulfilling life.
Around one in 100 people in the UK has autism. This means that it is quite likely that you know someone on the autistic spectrum. Here are some general points to keep in mind when interacting with someone with autism to help them.
A whole range of things can make a person with autism anxious including:
Someone can show they’re anxious by withdrawing or repeating physical actions. Following the tips below can help.